New Speeding Penalties come into force

dark coloured car speeding on a road

Road Traffic Regulation Act 1984, s.89(1)

Effective from: 24 April 2017

Steps 1 and 2 – Determining the offence seriousness

The starting point applies to all offenders irrespective of plea or previous convictions.

 

Speed Limit (mph) Recorded Speed
20 41 and above 31-40 21-30
30 51 and above 41-50 31-40
40 66 and above 56-65 41-55
50 76 and above 66-75 51-65
60 91 and above 81-90 61-80
70 101 and above 91-100 71-90
Sentencing Range Band C fine Band B fine Band A fine
Points/disqualification Disqualify 7-56 Disqualify 7-28 3 points
  • Must endorse and may disqualify. If no disqualification impose 3 – 6 points
  • Where an offender is driving grossly in excess of the speed limit the court should consider a disqualification in excess of 56 days.

 

Band ranges

Starting Point Range
Fine Band A 50% of Relevant Weekly Income 25-75% of Relevant Weekly Income
Fine Band B 100% of Relevant Weekly Income 75-125% of Relevant Weekly Income
Fine Band C 150% of Relevant Weekly Income 125-175% of Relevant Weekly Income
Fine Band D 250% of Relevant Weekly Income 200-300% of Relevant Weekly Income
Fine Band E 400% of Relevant Weekly Income 300-500% of Relevant Weekly Income
Fine Band F 600% of Relevant Weekly Income 500-700% of Relevant Weekly Income

 

The court should then consider further adjustment for any aggravating or mitigating factors. The following is a non-exhaustive list of additional factual elements providing the context of the offence and factors relating to the offender. Identify whether any combination of these, or other relevant factors, should result in an upward or downward adjustment from the sentence arrived at so far.

Factors increasing seriousness

Statutory aggravating factors:

  • Previous convictions, having regard to a) the nature of the offence to which the conviction relates and its relevance to the current offence; and b) the time that has elapsed since the conviction
  • Offence committed whilst on bail

Other aggravating factors:

  • Offence committed on licence or post sentence supervision
  • Poor road or weather conditions
  • Driving LGV, HGV, PSV etc.
  • Towing caravan/trailer
  • Carrying passengers or heavy load
  • Driving for hire or reward
  • Evidence of unacceptable standard of driving over and above speed
  • Location e.g. near school
  • High level of traffic or pedestrians in the vicinity

Factors reducing seriousness or reflecting personal mitigation

  • No previous convictions orno relevant/recent convictions
  • Good character and/or exemplary conduct
  • Genuine emergency established

 

Step 3 – Consider any factors which indicate a reduction, such as assistance to the prosecution

The court should take into account sections 73 and 74 of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005 (assistance by defendants: reduction or review of sentence) and any other rule of law by virtue of which an offender may receive a discounted sentence in consequence of assistance given (or offered) to the prosecutor or investigator.

 

Step 4 – Reduction for guilty pleas

The court should take account of any potential reduction for a guilty plea in accordance with section 144 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 and the Guilty Plea guideline.

 

Step 5 – Totality principle

If sentencing an offender for more than one offence, or where the offender is already serving a sentence, consider whether the total sentence is just and proportionate to the overall offending behaviour in accordance with the Offences Taken into Consideration and Totality guideline.

 

Step 6 – Compensation and ancillary orders

In all cases, the court should consider whether to make compensation and/or other ancillary orders.

 

Step 7 – Reasons

Section 174 of the Criminal Justice Act 2003 imposes a duty to give reasons for, and explain the effect of, the sentence.

See https://www.sentencingcouncil.org.uk/offences/item/speeding-revised-2017/